Longshan Temple, Mengjia Established in 1738, Longshan Temple was once the religious, municipal and self-defense center of the Mengjia area. Dedicated to the worship of the Buddhist goddess Avalokiteshvara (Guanshiyin), the temple became established as the spiritual center of immigrants from the Jinjiang, Nan'an and Hui'an districts of Quanzhou County, Fujian. Guild houses were also found here, contributing to the prosperity of the surrounding area.
Longshan Temple was renovated in 1920 under the direction of famous architect Wang Yi-shun. The octagonal ceiling in its front hall, the clock tower roof, and the circular ceiling in the main temple are exceptionally elegant. On August 19, 1985, Longshan Temple was designated Taipei City's fourth official historical site.
Qingshui Temple Qingshui Temple was built in 1787. Primarily honoring Master Qingshui, the guardian god of the people of Anxi County, Fujian Province, it was established as a branch of the Qingshui Temple of Anxi's Hunei Township by immigrants from that area.
The original temple burned down in 1853, when violence erupted over control of the Tamsui River harbor trade between people from Tong'an living in the Xia district of Mengjia and people from Jinjiang, Nan'an and Hui'an living in the Ding district. The event became known as the “Ding-Xia feud."
The temple was rebuilt in 1867. The rear hall has since been renovated a third time, but the main hall has retained the appearance of the first reconstruction. Along with Longshan and Qingshan temples, it is considered one of the “three great temples of Mengjia."
Qingshui Temple was originally complete in form, with a front hall, a main sanctuary in the middle, and a shrine to the goddess Matsu inside. Master Qingshui was the guardian god of the people of Anxi County, who opened up most of the surrounding farmlands in the Taipei Basin. Towards the end of the Qing dynasty, the French military invaded Tamsui during skirmishes between China and France. Receiving warning of the invasion, according to tradition the people of Taipei petitioned Master Qingshui for assistance. Taipei was left untouched by the conflict.
Qingshui Temple was used as a school during the Japanese colonial period (1895-1945), and was later established as the Number 2 Prefectural Middle School, the predecessor of today's Cheng Gong High School, thus playing a significant role in the history of education on Taiwan. On August 19, 1985, Qingshui Temple was designated the 10th historical site of Taipei City. In recent years, the temple's interior has undergone refurbishment in a bid to preserve this building of immense historical value.
Dizang Temple Dizang Temple of Mengjia, dedicated to the bodhisattva Kshitigarbha (Dizang), comforter of the underworld, also venerates the city's guardian deity god and folk deity, Master Tiandu. Built in 1760 and renovated in 1838, the temple still retains the single-structure design of the mid-Qing dynasty. It is rendered in a simple architectural style, with plain and straightforward sculptural ornaments. A shrine dedicated to the souls of the unknown departed is located to one side. On August 19, 1985, it was designated the 11th historical site of Taipei City.
Qingshan Temple Mengjia's Qingshan Temple was dedicated to the worship of Zhang Gun, “Lord of Spiritual Peace," whose image was brought to Taiwan in 1854 from Qingshan Temple in Hui'an County by fishermen from that area. Built in 1856 and completed in 1859, the temple features richly ornamented beams and rafters, as well as a front hall with an octagonal ceiling, all exhibiting exquisite workmanship. Remodeled in 1938, the front hall’s stone pillars and sculptures were built from remains of the Japanese-era Taiwan Provincial Shinto Temple at Yuanshan. On August 19, 1985, Qingshan Temple was designated Taipei City's 12th official historical site.
Xuehai Academy Xuehai Academy was established in 1837 following seven years of construction undertaken by Tamsui prefect Lou Yun and his successor Cao Jin. It was originally named Wen Jia Academy. (In the Minnan dialect, both Wen Jia and Mengjia – the city's name in that era – are pronounced Manka). Ten years later, the governor of Fujian and Zhejiang, Liu Yunke, changed the name to Xuehai Academy during a tour of the island. The academy enjoyed the distinction for a time as the highest institution of learning in the Tamsui-Taipei area. The imperial mandarin Chen Wei-ying, a brilliant and admired educator from the nearby town of Dalongdong (now part of west Taipei), once taught here and served as the academy's principal. While serving at Xuehai, he launched a charity donation drive to renovate the academy.
The Xuehai Academy featured a complete spatial design for an institution of learning. According to historical diagrams of Tamsui Prefecture, the layout included (in order) an outer wall, a main gate, a lecture hall, a shrine to the early Confucian scholar Zhu Xi, as well as left and right wings serving as classrooms. In recent years, the main gate was moved inward to accommodate the expansion of a roadway.
During the Japanese period the academy was used as a Japanese-language government office, a military barracks, and the site of the Laosong School. It was ultimately sold to the Gao clan to serve as their ancestral temple. Although the academy has undergone a series of renovations, it retains its original structure, and still serves as the Gao clan ancestral shrine. On August 19, 1985, Xuehai Academy was designated Taipei City's 13th official historical site.
Chaobei Hospital (located at No. 181, Section 2, Guiyang Street) was founded by Li Chaobei, a well-known resident of the Bangka area. Li Chaobei was a graduate of the Sotokufu Hei Gatsuko (Medical Institute of the Governor General); he made plans in 1920 to establish a hospital, and did so by building Chaobei Hospital at Funamachi (modern day Section 2, Guiyang Street) in the following year. Chaobei Hospital is located along a bustling business boulevard of Huancishi Street during Qing Dynasty Taiwan (modern day Section 2, Guiyang Street, diagonally opposite to Qingshan Temple). The building is a classical narrow-front, deep-rear shophouse with an east-west width of 7 meters and a north-south length of 25 meters. The basic form of the building also incorporated a covered walkway called tingzijiao (literally translated as terrace feet). A classical layout of a shophouse is the sanjin configuration, in which the narrow plan of the building is divided into 3 separate building structures placed side by side of each other. Each of these building structures is called a jin (insert). A courtyard is located between the buildings to provide lighting and natural ventilation, and divide up the space. The facade of Chaobei Hospital is provided with a baroque facade with an accentuated central projection (also known as the shanxing, or mountain-shaped face) and an architrave. The main entrance is flanked on both sides by composite classical Roman columns to provide an impressive entryway. The architrave is provided with the words Chaobei Yiyuan (Chaobei Hospital) in Chinese clerical script. Three windows have been furnished at the second floor, with the spaces between the window openings provided with short columns for a mix of Chinese and western architectural features, where the top portion adopted a pilaster with the features of the classical Roman composite order column that concludes at the bottom with a diaotong (hanging basket), a decorative component often found in traditional Chinese wooden architecture and temple entrances. The outermost boundaries are composite order classical Roman pilasters that span the first and second floors. An elaborate semicircular facade projection is provided above the ledgeline. Facades along the west-side are provided with similar designs. The first floor is provided with a single opening, while the second floor is provided with three window openings. The sill wall features semi-circular shapes, wheat ears, rice stalks, and juancao (curling grass) decorative elements. In 2016, the building was officially designated as a historical monument of Taipei City, and is currently part of the Taipei City Historical Monument Restoration and Reutilization Project—Chaobei Hospital.
The Taipei City Department of Cultural Affairs